STATE DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION


STATE BOARD OF EDUCATION

200 West Baltimore St.
Baltimore, MD 21201 - 2595

The State Board of Education has general control and supervision over public schools and the educational interests of the State. It sets policy for the administration of the public school system by adopting bylaws and regulations which have the force of law (Code Education Article, secs. 2-201 through 2-205). The Board, often through the State Superintendent of Schools, consults with and advises county boards of education, superintendents of schools and their staffs, principals, and teachers. It also mediates disputes arising from the twenty-four local independent school districts in Maryland.

With the advice and counsel of the State Superintendent of Schools, the State Board of Education sets standards for instruction in schools and for programs in public libraries and vocational rehabilitation. The Board also sets the standards for certification of teachers and other professional personnel and for requirements to graduate high school. If local school districts do not comply with State standards, the Board may recommend that State funds be withheld from those districts. For schools which consistently fail to improve in the Maryland School Performance Assessment Program, the Board, through the State Department of Education, also may intervene to help restructure their administration, organization, or instruction.

The Board has twelve members. Appointed by the Governor with Senate advice and consent, eleven members are appointed to four-year terms. A student member appointed by the Governor serves a one-year term.


STATE SUPERINTENDENT OF SCHOOLS

200 West Baltimore St.
Baltimore, MD 21201

The State Superintendent of Schools directs the State Department of Education and executes the policy and enforces the regulations adopted by the State Board of Education. Appointed by the Board, the Superintendent serves a four-year term (Code Education Article, secs. 2-301 through 2-303).

The State Superintendent of Schools chairs the Cabinet Council for Career and Technology Education and the Education Coordinating Council for Correctional Institutions, and serves on the Cabinet Council on Criminal and Juvenile Justice while co-chairing the Council's Task Force on Youth Citizenship and Violence Prevention. The State Superintendent also serves on the Governor's Executive Council; the Governor's Subcabinet for Children, Youth, and Families; the Governor's Commission on Service; the State Coordinating Council (for residential placement of handicapped children); the Advisory Committee for Children, Youth, and Families; the Governor's Council on Adolescent Pregnancy; and the Governor's Commission on Hispanic Affairs. In addition, the State Superintendent is a member of the Maryland Advisory Commission on Manufacturing Competitiveness; the State Information Technology Board; the Professional Standards and Teacher Education Board; the Education Coordinating Committee; the Maryland Public Broadcasting Commission; the Maryland Education Council; the State Use Industries Advisory Committee; and the Intergovernmental Advisory Committee for Minority Affairs.

Under the State Superintendent of Schools are two deputy superintendents. One is responsible for Administration, and one for School Improvement Services.

The State Superintendent of Schools directly oversees two divisions: Library Development and Services, and Rehabilitation Services.

GRANTS & GOALS 2000
Grants and Goals 2000 began in 1995 when the State Superintendent of Schools formed the Strategic Planning Unit to conduct short- and long-term planning for Department divisions. The Unit in 1997 was renamed Grants and Goals 2000. This unit identifies critical issues in education and finds ways to use departmental resources effectively. It oversees State plans to meet national education goals set by the U.S. Congress in 1994. The unit also administers the Schools for Success and Goals 2000 Program which awards funds to local school systems for school improvement.


DIVISION OF LIBRARY DEVELOPMENT & SERVICES

200 West Baltimore St.
Baltimore, MD 21201

The Division of Library Development and Services began in 1946 as the Division of Library Extension. In 1969, it was reorganized under its present name. As the State library agency, the Division administers State and federal programs to improve library services in public schools and libraries throughout the State (Code Education Article, secs. 23-102 through 23-105).

Under the Division are two branches: Maryland State Library for the Blind and Physically Handicapped; and Public Libraries and State Networking. The Maryland Advisory Council on Libraries advises the Division.

MARYLAND STATE LIBRARY FOR THE BLIND & PHYSICALLY HANDICAPPED

415 Park Ave.
Baltimore, MD 21201

The Maryland State Library for the Blind and Physically Handicapped opened in 1968. The Library serves eligible blind and physically handicapped residents of Maryland. It is the Maryland regional library under the National Library Services for the Blind and Physically Handicapped of the Library of Congress.

The Library has two subregional branches: the Special Needs Library, and the Talking Book Center.

SPECIAL NEEDS LIBRARY
6400 Democracy Blvd.
Bethesda, MD 20817

The Special Needs Library started in 1972. The Library serves the blind and physically handicapped residents of Montgomery County.

PUBLIC LIBRARIES & STATE NETWORKING BRANCH

Enoch Pratt Free Library
400 Cathedral St.
Baltimore, MD 21201

Origins of the Public Libraries and State Networking Branch trace to 1902 when the State Library Commission was created (Chapter 47, Acts of 1902). Commission responsibilities for public library development were assigned to the Office of Public Libraries under the State Board of Education in 1935, and to the Division of Library Extension from 1947 to 1971. Within the Division of Library Development and Services, the Public Libraries Branch was formed in 1971 and renamed the Public Libraries and State Networking Branch in 1988. The Branch provides leadership and technical assistance to improve library service.

The Branch oversees the State Library Network through which Maryland residents obtain library materials and gain access to information not available in their local library. The Network provides interlibrary loan, direct lending of materials, technical assistance to libraries, and staff training. More than 400 Maryland libraries participate in the State Library Network. These include public, university, college and community college libraries. The Network is centered at Enoch Pratt Free Library in Baltimore. The Network is aided by three regional resource centers: the Eastern Shore Regional Resource Center (Salisbury); Southern Maryland Regional Library Association (Charlotte Hall); and the Western Maryland Public Libraries Regional Resource Center (Hagerstown) (Code Education Article, secs. 23-201, 23-202).


DIVISION OF REHABILITATION SERVICES

2301 Argonne Drive
Baltimore, MD 21218

The Division of Rehabilitation Services began as the Division of Vocational Rehabilitation in 1929. In 1992, it received its present name (Chapter 42, Acts of 1992).

The Division of Rehabilitation Services helps enable persons with physical or mental disabilities to live and work independently (Code Education Article, sec. 21-303). Through four regional offices and twenty-nine local offices, the Division provides medical and vocational evaluation, counseling and guidance, and training in vocations and independent-living skills. These offices give reader and interpreter services, physical and mental restoration, and rehabilitation engineering. They help persons with disabilities find and keep jobs. Through supported employment, the offices monitor clients' job performance and provide on-the-job training and coaching. They also assist former clients, as needed, who are employed.

The Division develops and implements the Interagency State Plan for Transitioning Students with Disabilities (Chapter 435, Acts of 1995). To coordinate postgraduate services to students with disabilities, Division staff work with other divisions; the Department of Business and Economic Development; the Department of Health and Mental Hygiene; and the Office for Individuals with Disabilities.

Under the Division are four programs: Business Support Services; Client Services; Communications and Community Relations. The Division is aided by the Maryland State Rehabilitation Advisory Council, and the Maryland Statewide Independent Living Council.

CLIENT SERVICES

At regional and local offices throughout the State, Client Services provides counseling, physical restoration, vocational training, and job placement. The office serves persons with severe disabilities and secures competitive employment for them.

MARYLAND REHABILITATION CENTER
The Maryland Rehabilitation Center opened in 1972. The Center assists persons (particularly those with severe disabilities) who need multiple services. It offers therapy, medical care, counseling, and vocational services. Eligible persons with disabilities are evaluated, counseled, and trained and may reside at the Center.

DISABILITY DETERMINATION SERVICES

P. O. Box 6338
170 West Ridgely Road, Suite 310
Baltimore, MD 21204 - 6338

Established in 1955, Disability Determination Services adjudicates claims for federal Social Security Disability Insurance (Title II) and Supplemental Security Income (Title XVI). The office provides direct access to rehabilitation for persons with disabilities through expedited referrals to Client Services. The program is administered by the Division of Rehabilitation Services under contract with the Social Security Administration.

PROGRAM & ADMINISTRATIVE SUPPORT SERVICES

Program and Administrative Support Services helps provide vocational rehabilitation throughout the State. This office also administers the Maryland Vending Program for the Blind.


ADMINISTRATION OFFICE

200 West Baltimore St.
Baltimore, MD 21201

The Administration Office oversees the Audit Office, and three divisions: Business Services; Certification and Accreditation; and Planning, Results, and Information Management.


DIVISION OF BUSINESS SERVICES

200 West Baltimore St.
Baltimore, MD 21201

The Division of Business Services was organized in 1992 from the Office of Administration and Finance. The Division oversees six branches: Accounting; Administrative Services; Budget; Human Resource Management; Nutrition and Transportation Services; and School Facilities.

NUTRITION & TRANSPORTATION SERVICES BRANCH

The Nutrition and Transportation Services Branch began in 1981 when programs for food service and pupil transportation were merged. Besides working with Maryland's twenty-four public school systems, the Branch helps nearly 700 public and nonprofit private agencies feed children and adults in approximately 7,000 schools, family day-care homes, child- and adult-care centers, and other sites throughout the State. The Branch also offers nutrition education and training. In addition, the Branch administers seven federal food and nutrition programs:

Transportation of pupils to and from public schools is supervised by the Branch. Data on the number of pupils transported and on school bus accidents also is compiled by the Branch. Moreover, the Branch helps school systems test school bus drivers for drug or alcohol use.

SCHOOL FACILITIES BRANCH

The School Facilities Branch sets guidelines and standards for school design, construction, and management and helps local school systems plan capital improvements. The Branch oversees approval by the State Superintendent of Schools for locally funded school construction. The Branch also collects and analyzes data on energy use in each public school and represents the Department on the Interagency Committee on School Construction.


DIVISION OF CERTIFICATION & ACCREDITATION

200 West Baltimore St.
Baltimore, MD 21201

Created in 1970, the Division of Certification and Accreditation certifies teachers and other professional personnel; oversees the preparation and assessment of candidates for principalship; and approves the educational programs of nonpublic schools. Under the Division are three branches: Licensure; Nonpublic School Approval; and Program Approval and Assessment.

LICENSURE [CERTIFICATION] BRANCH

Formed in 1981 as the Teacher Education and Certification Branch, the Licensure Branch received its present name in 1994. The Branch certifies teachers, specialists, and administrators in public and private schools, and other institutions.

NONPUBLIC SCHOOLS APPROVAL BRANCH

The Nonpublic Schools Approval Branch started in 1948 as the Nonpublic Schools Accreditation Branch. In 1994, it became the Nonpublic Schools Approval Branch.

The Branch approves the educational programs of nonpublic nursery schools, kindergartens, elementary schools, middle schools, secondary schools, schools for the disabled, and entities licensed by other State agencies, such as the Department of Juvenile Justice. These programs must conform to Maryland law and to State Board of Education regulations. The Branch also registers nonpublic schools, church schools, and church education boards to supervise schooling at home by parents who, due to philosophical differences, do not want to be overseen by local boards of education. Annually, the Branch publishes the Directory of Approved Nonpublic Schools in the State of Maryland. 3

PROGRAM APPROVAL & ASSESSMENT BRANCH

The Program Approval and Assessment Branch began in 1981 as a part of the Teacher Education and Certification Branch and reorganized under its present name in 1994. The Program Approval and Assessment Branch evaluates and approves programs to educate teachers and prepare other professionally certified personnel. The Branch also assesses candidates for school principalships.


DIVISION OF PLANNING, RESULTS, & INFORMATION MANAGEMENT

200 West Baltimore St.
Baltimore, MD 21201

Duties of the Division of Planning, Results, and Information Management started in 1921 when the Bureau of Educational Measurements was formed within the State Department of Education. By 1945, the Division of Finance, Statistics, and Educational Measurements replaced the Bureau. The Division was renamed Division of Finance and Research in 1949, Division of Research and Development by 1963, and Division of Research, Evaluation and Information Systems by 1971. The Division of Administration assumed information system functions by 1979, as did the Division of Administration and Finance by 1983. The Office of Management Information Systems emerged in 1987 and was replaced by the Division of Planning, Results, and Information Management in 1992.

The Division administers the Maryland School Performance Assessment Program. The Division also provides information processing, evaluation and statistical services, and research for the Department. Under the Division are four branches: Assessment; Information Processing; Planning; and Results.

ASSESSMENT BRANCH

Formerly within the Division of Instruction, the Assessment Branch joined the Division of Planning, Results, and Information Management in 1994. The Branch conducts the Maryland School Performance Assessment Program. Established in 1989 by the State Board of Education, the Program evaluates local education, using measures such as student test scores, attendance, and promotion and dropout rates. The Program also sets standards for schools and goals for their improvement.

Other student achievement tests are overseen by the Branch. The Functional Testing Program tests students in reading, writing, mathematics, and citizenship. To graduate from high school, students must pass these tests which emphasize basic skills, such as reading and comprehending instructions and timetables, balancing a checkbook, and computing interest. The Norm-Referenced Testing Program evaluates children in grades 3, 5, 8, and 11. Their scores are compared with the performance of students in the same grade nationwide.

INFORMATION PROCESSING BRANCH

Created in 1971, the Information Processing Branch oversees the Department's information processing operations and expenditures.

PLANNING BRANCH

The Planning Branch was organized in 1992. The Branch administers Title VI of the federal Elementary and Secondary Education Act, which supports school reform and improvement. The Branch also helps plan scheduling, finance, procurement, and departmental coordination for the Maryland School Performance Assessment Program.

RESULTS BRANCH

Formerly the Statistical Services Branch, the Results Branch was placed under the Division of Planning, Results, and Information Management in 1992. The Branch collects and compiles data from local school systems for local, State and federal reports, including the Maryland School Performance Assessment Program Report. Annually, the Branch reports (by school system) on curriculum, staffing, students, facilities, and finance. The Branch also compiles data on students taught at home and through correspondence courses.


SCHOOL IMPROVEMENT SERVICES OFFICE

200 West Baltimore St.
Baltimore, MD 21201

The School Improvement Office started in 1988 when the Bureau of Educational Development was formed. The Bureau was reorganized as the School Improvement Services Office in 1992.

The Office oversees the School Performance: Research and Development Office, and four divisions: Career Technology and Adult Learning; Compensatory Education and Support Services; Instruction and Staff Development; and Special Education.


SCHOOL PERFORMANCE: RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT OFFICE

200 West Baltimore St.
Baltimore, MD 21201

The School Performance: Research and Development Office was created in 1989 as the Office of Maryland School Performance. It was reorganized in 1993 as the School Performance, Product, and Service Development Office. In 1994, it received its present name.

The Office investigates ways to improve public education. It holds schools accountable to State standards and tests students on what they have learned. The Office is developing the high school assessment component of the Maryland School Performance Assessment Program to test students on math, English, science, and social studies. It also will measure their ability to learn independently, think critically, communicate orally and in writing, work cooperatively, and use computers. These tests will begin in the year 2000.

Award programs which recognize innovation and excellence, such as the Maryland Teacher of the Year, are administered by this office.


DIVISION OF CAREER TECHNOLOGY & ADULT LEARNING

200 West Baltimore St.
Baltimore, MD 21201

The Division of Career Technology and Adult Learning began as the Division of Vocational Education by 1950. Renamed the Division of Vocational-Technical Education in 1968, and the Division of Career and Technology Education in 1991, it received its present name in 1992.

The Division oversees career and technology education, and adult learning. For State and federal occupational programs, the Division develops and recommends to the State Superintendent of Schools policies, guidelines, and services. The Division also helps local school systems and educational agencies, institutions, businesses, industries, and community organizations plan and evaluate their education and training programs. In both public and private institutions, Division programs are offered to students of all ages.

Under the Division are the Correctional Education Program, and four branches: Adult Education and Literacy Services; Career Technology Instructional Services; Career Technology Student Support; Career Technology Systems Support.

ADULT EDUCATION & LITERACY SERVICES BRANCH

The Adult Education and Literacy Services Branch was formed in 1980 as the Adult and Community Education Branch. It was renamed the Adult Services Branch in 1992, and the Adult Education and Literacy Services Branch in 1993.

The Branch designs, tests, and runs literacy and instructional programs for adults. Classes in basic skills are offered in designated schools, during and after regular school hours. In addition to its basic and general adult education programs, the Branch also oversees the Homeless Adult Literacy Program, which teaches reading at homeless shelters and soup kitchens; Project LEAP (Labor Education Achievement Program), which provides instruction at work sites and union halls; the Maryland Adult External Diploma Program, an alternative means for adults to get a high school diploma through assessment *of their skills and competency; the Literacy Works Program, an interagency plan to eliminate illiteracy in Maryland by the year 2000; and the Maryland State Adult Literacy Dissemination Center, which tracks the progress of students and programs, conducts workshops and seminars, and distributes resource material.

The Branch administers the General Education Development (G.E.D.) Testing Program. This program helps individuals attain a Maryland high school diploma. Tests are given on the second Saturday of every month at twenty-one test centers throughout the State. Applications to take the test are available from the General Education Development Branch or the adult education center of each local school system.

For students ages 5 to 20, the School-Community Centers Program coordinates recreation and supplementary education before and after school. Other educational, vocational, employment and recreational programs are provided locally to youth and adults by the Multi-Service Community Center Program.

CAREER TECHNOLOGY INSTRUCTIONAL SERVICES BRANCH

The Career Technology Instructional Services Branch began in 1981 as the Program Development and Operations Branch. In 1992, it was renamed the Career and Technology Services Branch. In 1995, the Branch assumed functions of the School-to-Work Transition Services Branch and was reorganized as the Career Connection Branch. It was renamed the Career Technology Instructional Services Branch in 1997.

The Branch assists local school systems with career and technology education. Programs cover agriculture, business and office education, consumer education, distribution and marketing, entrepreneurship, health occupations, home economics, postsecondary and adult programs, technology, teen parenting, trade and industry, and youth organizations. With local schools, the Branch also works on curriculum, and programs for students who are disadvantaged, or have disabilities or a limited command of English.

The Branch helps local school systems and community colleges teach students how to choose and prepare for a career. Beginning in kindergarten and continuing through grade 12, students are introduced to different careers. Programs cover apprenticeships, career academies, and other school- and work-based projects. The Branch assists with programs on sex equity, single parents, displaced homemakers, and community organization projects.

CAREER TECHNOLOGY SYSTEMS SUPPORT BRANCH

The Career Technology Systems Support Branch was organized in 1981 as the Support Services Branch. Renamed the Administrative Support Services Branch in 1992, it became the Program Support Services Branch in 1993. It was reorganized under its present name in 1997.

The Branch helps local school systems, community colleges, the Division, and other State agencies develop, finance, and administer career and technology education. The Branch also assists them with data analysis.

CORRECTIONAL EDUCATION PROGRAM

In 1976, the State Department of Education first collaborated with the Department of Public Safety and Correctional Services on the Correctional Education Program. Administration and funding of correctional education transferred to the State Department of Education in 1978 (Chapter 22, Acts of 1978). The Program joined the Division of Career Technology and Adult Learning in 1992.

The Correctional Education Program offers academic and vocational instruction and library services to prisoners under the Division of Correction in the Department of Public Safety and Correctional Services. Instruction emphasizes preparation for the General Education Development (G.E.D.) examination. Inmates passing this exam are awarded high school diplomas. Within prisons, the Program also coordinates services of postsecondary institutions and other educational agencies.

The Program does not oversee educational programs for delinquent youth. These are administered by the Compensatory Education Branch of the Division of Compensatory Education and Support Services.


DIVISION OF COMPENSATORY EDUCATION & SUPPORT SERVICES

200 West Baltimore St.
Baltimore, MD 21201

The Division of Compensatory Education and Support Services was created in 1988. It administers and supervises federal and State programs to educate children who are deprived of social or economic advantages (P.L. 103-382; Code Education Article, secs. 8-101 through 8-107).

The Division is responsible for three branches: Compensatory Education; Family Involvement and Dropout Intervention; and Pupil Services.

COMPENSATORY EDUCATION BRANCH

The Compensatory Education Branch began in 1988 as the Compensatory and Migrant Education Branch. Renamed in 1995, the Branch helps local school systems and other agencies design education programs for disadvantaged children. For students in high poverty areas, the Branch supplements instruction and devises ways to increase family literacy. Schools are aided by the Branch to hire extra teachers, buy additional equipment and materials, teach before and after school, and train staff. The Branch also coordinates migrant education and funds education for neglected and delinquent youth in juvenile detention centers and adult prisons.

FAMILY INVOLVEMENT & DROPOUT INTERVENTION BRANCH

The Family Involvement and Dropout Intervention Branch started as the Career and Employability Development Branch in 1989. It received its present name in 1995. The Branch helps local agencies and school systems find ways to involve parents in their children's education and discourage young people from leaving school. The Branch seeks to encourage school attendance and ease the transition from school to work. To these ends, the Branch administers the Maryland's Tomorrow High School and Middle School Drop-out Prevention Programs (including the Choice Program).

PUPIL SERVICES BRANCH

The Pupil Services Branch was formed in 1966 and renamed Pupil Services and Drug-Free Schools Branch in 1992. It resumed its former name in 1995. The Branch assists local school systems with programs for child abuse and youth suicide prevention; disruptive students; drug and alcohol abuse prevention and intervention; health and safety; pupil personnel; school guidance and psychology; and teen pregnancy and parenting. To schools with disruptive and at-risk students, the Branch allocates federal and State funds. The Branch also works to educate homeless children and youth.

The Rural School Nurses Program is overseen by the Branch. Through this program, matching funds are provided to Maryland's seven poorest counties for hiring school nurses. In schools, nurses attend to the general health of students, health education, and drug abuse prevention.

Through the New American Schools Initiative, the Branch provides information and assistance on school reform to local school systems. The Branch helps schools implement one of six model reform designs covering curriculum, governance, structure, and family support.


DIVISION OF INSTRUCTION & STAFF DEVELOPMENT

200 West Baltimore St.
Baltimore, MD 21201

The Division of Instruction and Staff Development was formed in 1945 as the Division of Instruction, although its earliest duties have been carried out by the Department since 1920. The Division received its present name in 1994.

For public schools, the Division formulates guidelines for curriculum to be approved by the State Superintendent of Schools. Guidelines also set standards for educational programs of State agencies. For the Maryland School Performance Assessment Program, the Division monitors education programs.

The Division approves plans to reform schools that receive help from the Challenge System Initiative or through Carnegie Foundation grants. With the Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, the Division sets standards and guidelines for school health programs. The Division also trains staff; audits programs; and sponsors conferences on curriculum and learning.

Under the Division are eight branches: Arts and Sciences; Challenge and Reconstituted School; Equity Assurance and Compliance; Language Development and Early Learning; Middle and High School Learning and Cross-Department Programs; School Library Media and State Media Services; Special Projects; and Staff Development.

ARTS & SCIENCES BRANCH

The Arts and Sciences Branch started as the General Curriculum Branch and received its present name in 1989. The Branch assists local school systems in developing curriculum for environmental education, the fine arts, health and safety, mathematics, physical education, science, and social studies. It designs, disseminates, and conducts programs for staff development in these areas as well. The Branch also oversees the Gifted and Talented Program.

CHALLENGE & RECONSTITUTED SCHOOL BRANCH

Organized in 1994, the Challenge and Reconstituted School Branch was formed in 1996 within the Division of Instruction and Staff Development.

The Branch oversees the Challenge System Initiative. Through financial and technical support, the Initiative helps schools improve their ratings in the Maryland School Performance Assessment Program (Code Education Article, sec. 5-202.2).

Under the School Reconstitution Program, the Branch monitors local plans to improve schools which have poor and declining scores in the Assessment Program. Plans outline reforms in school administration, curriculum, and staff. If local efforts fail and the State Board of Education approves, the Branch oversees State intervention to improve these schools (COMAR 13A.01.04.07).

EQUITY ASSURANCE & COMPLIANCE BRANCH

The Equity Assurance and Compliance Branch organized in 1976 as the Office of Equal Opportunity. In 1993, it was placed within the Division of Instruction, later the Division of Instruction and Staff Development. The Branch gives technical aid to local school systems for school desegregation. Branch staff provide training on issues of disability, gender, national origin, and race as they relate to instruction, classroom management, accessibility to facilities and programs, group and personal relations, and employment. The Branch also implements State regulations on multicultural education, assignment of personnel, and pupil integration.

LANGUAGE DEVELOPMENT & EARLY LEARNING BRANCH

The Language Development and Early Learning Branch was created in 1989. To promote learning and language development in young children (ages 4 through 9), the Branch designs, tests, and implements programs for effective teaching. The Language Development Section devises programs for English language arts, foreign languages, and bilingual education. The Early Learning Section provides technical assistance and monitors programs for primary education; school readiness assessment; parent involvement; child care for school children; and early identification of and intervention for children who begin kindergarten disadvantaged due to learning disabilities or socioeconomic factors.

MIDDLE & HIGH SCHOOL LEARNING & CROSS-DEPARTMENT PROGRAMS BRANCH

The Middle and High School Learning and Cross-Department Programs and Projects Unit was established in 1995. This unit was reorganized as the Middle and High School Learning and Cross-Department Programs Branch in 2996. It coordinates programs involving other Department divisions. These include the Core Learning Program, High School Graduation Requirements, Middle and High School Learning, and Year-Round Schools.

STUDENT SERVICE ALLIANCE
Through the Student Service Alliance, the Unit helps local schools provide opportunities for students to serve their community. Such service is mandated for high school graduation, beginning with students graduating in 1997. The Alliance, formed in 1988, also approves local plans for new community service programs in high schools.

SCHOOL LIBRARY MEDIA SERVICES & STATE MEDIA SERVICES BRANCH

The School Library Media Services and State Media Services Branch originated in 1968 as the Office of School Libraries and Instructional Materials Services. The Office reorganized as the School Library Media Services Section in 1970, became the School Library Media Services Branch in 1978 and received its present name in 1987. Formerly within the Division of Library Development and Services, the Branch joined the Division of Instruction and Staff Development in 1995.

The Branch helps public and private schools use school library media in print, audiovisual and electronic formats. The Branch also helps schools use electronic information technology in teaching. For Department staff, the State Media Center provides information and audiovisual services.

SPECIAL PROJECTS BRANCH

Created as a unit in 1994, the Special Projects Branch formed in 1996. The Branch is responsible for three programs. It oversees the Carnegie Middle-Grades-School State Policy Initiative awarding grants to improve middle schools (grades 6, 7, and 8). The Branch also administers a pilot project under the Challenge System Initiative to improve schools in Caroline County. In addition, the Branch supports the Maryland Public Secondary Schools Athletics Association, which conducts athletic programs for high schools.

STAFF DEVELOPMENT BRANCH

The Staff Development Branch formed in 1981 within the Division of Certification and Accreditation. In 1994, the Branch became part of the Division of Instruction and Staff Development. The Branch oversees regional staff development centers serving the Eastern Shore, Baltimore City, Prince George's County, and western Maryland. It also is responsible for the Instructional Framework System; School Improvement Leadership Training, and Technical Assistance and Support Teams Training; and State-Aided Institutions Grants.


DIVISION OF SPECIAL EDUCATION

200 West Baltimore St.
Baltimore, MD 21201

Established in 1988, the Division of Special Education works with parents and local school systems to educate all children and youth with disabilities. The Division assists local school systems with early childhood programs, individual education plans, nondiscriminatory testing, personnel development, and program evaluation. It also supervises education in approved public and private institutions and assesses the educational needs of children with profound or complex disabilities.

Administering both State and federal programs for special education, the Division directs four branches: Community and Interagency Services; Infants and Toddlers Program and Preschool Services; Instructional Support and Staff Development; and Program Administration and Support.

COMMUNITY & INTERAGENCY SERVICES BRANCH

The Community and Interagency Services Branch began as the Nonpublic Schools Branch in 1978 and received its present name in July 1997.

Through the Nonpublic Tuition Assistance Program, the Branch partially reimburses local school systems for the cost of educating children with disabilities in private schools with programs that meet their special needs. The Branch ensures that the children are placed in regular classrooms or in programs that encourage their independence. To ensure compliance with State and federal regulations, the Branch monitors day and residential schools.

With the State Coordinating Council, the Branch reviews all residential placements of special education students in out-of-state private schools. It also cooperates with the Office of Children, Youth, and Families and other State agencies to expand community programs so that children with disabilities may return from out of state to regular classrooms in Maryland.

The Branch enforces due process regulations under the federal Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (P.L. 101-476). These regulations establish specific procedural safeguards for children and their parents to ensure that fair, reasonable and appropriate special programs are provided to them. In the placement of children with disabilities, the Branch monitors local hearing procedures and implements procedures for State hearings by the Office of Administrative Hearings. It also investigates and resolves complaints about special education placements in nonpublic schools and due process procedures.

INFANTS & TODDLERS PROGRAM & PRESCHOOL SERVICES BRANCH

Through the Infants and Toddlers Program, Maryland receives federal funds to help infants and toddlers with developmental disabilities and their families. The Program concerns youngsters from birth through age three. It provides health and medical services, family training, counseling, and specialized child care (federal Education of the Handicapped Act; P.L. 99-457).

In 1988, the State Department of Education was designated by the Governor to administer the federal Early Intervention Program in Maryland (Executive Order 01.01.1988.15). The Infants and Toddlers Program initiated by the Department was transferred to the Office for Children, Youth, and Families in 1990 (Chapter 419, Acts of 1990).

Within the Division of Special Education, the Infants and Toddlers Program and Preschool Services Branch was formed July 1, 1997, when the Infants and Toddlers Program moved from the Office for Children, Youth, and Families back to the State Department of Education (Chapter 386, Acts of 1997).

STATE INTERAGENCY COORDINATING COUNCIL
In 1988, the Governor started the State Interagency Coordinating Council to advise the Infants and Toddlers Program in accordance with the federal Education of the Handicapped Act (Executive Order 01.01.1988.15; P.L. 99-457). In 1990, the Council was authorized by statute (Chapter 419, Acts of 1990).

The Council helps develop and implement the Early Intervention Program, identifies resources, and assists with interagency agreements. To ensure interagency coordination and delivery of early intervention services, the Governor's Subcabinet for Children, Youth, and Families monitors the program.

The Council's fifteen members are appointed by the Governor with Senate advice and consent.

INSTRUCTIONAL SUPPORT & STAFF DEVELOPMENT BRANCH

In 1978, the Instructional Support and Staff Development Branch was formed as the Program Development and Assistance Branch. It was reorganized under its present name in July 1997.

The Branch is responsible for the Comprehensive System of Personnel Development. Under the System, the Branch trains, technically aids, and advises local school systems and State programs on promising educational practices in special education. It also develops print and video materials for them. In addition, the Branch trains the hearing officers from the Office of Administrative Hearings who hear disputes between parents and local school systems over placement of children with disabilities.

The Branch works on projects concerned with students who are deaf or hard of hearing, visually impaired, or both deaf and blind; and early childhood and transitioning. Through the American Printing House for the Blind, for example, the Branch administers the federally funded quota system for educational materials for visually impaired students. The Branch also implements initiatives on the Least Restrictive Environment, the Seriously Emotionally Disturbed, and Learning Disabilities.

PROGRAM ADMINISTRATION & SUPPORT BRANCH

The Program Administration and Support Branch was organized as the Program Administration and Evaluation Branch in 1978 and received its present name in 1992. The Branch works with local school systems to provide special education. It also helps prepare federal, State and local plans, programs, and budgets for special education. For children with disabilities, the Branch monitors local programs and coordinates training for their parents. The Branch also oversees the Principals' Academy, which consists of professional development institutes sponsored by the Division.

Maryland Executive Departments


Maryland Manual On-Line

 Maryland Manual On-Line, 1998

July 10, 1998   
Note: In this past edition of Maryland Manual, some links are to external sites.  View the current Manual


[ Archives' Home Page  ||  All About Maryland  ||  Maryland Manual On-Line  ||  Reference & Research
||  Search the Archives   ||  Education & Outreach  ||  Archives of Maryland Online ]

Governor     General Assembly    Judiciary     Maryland.Gov

Copyright July 06, 1998 Maryland State Archives